Time without safe drinking water: At least 10 years
The struggle: Arvin has 6 wells, all of which contain arsenic at levels that exceed the federal health standard. 5 wells are active, and the 6th is used as a backup well and has high nitrates.
The people impacted: Arvin is a city of approximately 20,000 people, the majority of which are low-income Latinos, located in Kern County.
The solution: Arvin secured Prop. 84 funding to replace 5 of its existing wells with new wells. Phased construction of the replacement wells is underway as of February 2015, and is expected to take 2-3 years to complete. During Phase 1 of construction, 2 test wells were drilled outside the service area and were found to have adequate water. If the Phase 1 wells are deemed compliant, 3 additional wells will be drilled with coagulation-filtration arsenic treatment if necessary.
The cost: Without treatment, the total project cost is approximately $14.2 million. With treatment, the total project cost is up to $23.2 million.